The hottest intelligent challenge the artificial m

2022-08-06
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Intelligence challenges the artificial manufacturing industry faces a new round of reshuffle

[if artificial intelligence, robotics and digital manufacturing go hand in hand, the competitive pattern of the manufacturing industry may face a new round of reshuffle

in the film modern times starring American comedian Chaplin, there was a scene: in the 1920s, the United States was in a period of economic depression, and the unemployment rate remained high, Repeated heavy work pressure makes workers become a screw in the production of large machines. Charlie, a worker, works around the clock in a factory with a rumble of machines. In his assembly line job, he simply repeats the same action every moment to earn a meager income

at the international industrial technology exhibition, first finance and economics sees another scene: on a production and assembly line of household batteries, a number of vigorous small robots are cooperating in an orderly manner. In the finished product assembly part, there is about 20cm interval between the two cooperative robots. One robot arranges the newly produced batteries in an orderly manner and passes them to its partners in a group of four batteries. After receiving it, the small partner quickly packs and arranges the 4 batteries neatly, and passes them to the next partner for packaging. When the robot encounters the battery positive and negative pole dislocation, it will reset, re identify and adjust the item sequencing, and then pass it to the small partner. The intelligent robot seems to have replaced Charlie's position before the purchase points and precautions of the horizontal tensile testing machine for many years. The intelligent equipment has doubled Charlie's meager income for many years

intelligent instead of manual

you can see the changes of artificial intelligence technology to the manufacturing industry. Brian Orwell, regional manager of FANUC, stood in front of a small robot sorting key models and told China business news that these small robots are not expensive, and their cost and ease of control are easy to be accepted by the public. For example, for small enterprises or home workshop enterprises, artificial intelligence can not only reduce labor costs, but also increase production capacity. He believes that the replacement of labor by machines is the main tone of the manufacturing industry. The new wave of machines replacing people will not replace simple labor, but may replace complex labor, including not only physical labor, but also mental labor

michaelmolner of the National Institute of standards and technology said at the exhibition last weekend that most advanced manufacturing technologies have existed for some time, but the new digital and intelligent technologies will enable manufacturers to create opportunities to expand their scale and produce products they had never thought of before

MIT economists ericbrinjolsson and Andrew McAfee also said in their book race with robots: recent technologies have a far-reaching economic impact on the speed and scope of human skills replacement. In their view, the emergence of low-cost automation technology indicates that the scale of change is comparable to the agricultural technology revolution in the last century. The agricultural technology revolution has reduced the proportion of agricultural employment in the total labor force in the United States from 40% at the beginning to 2% today

in fact, existing data show that in the United States, after entering the new century (36.80, 0.00, 0.00%), the number of information processing jobs in the middle class is declining due to the replacement of manual labor by intelligent technology. From 2000 to 2010, 11million secretarial positions were replaced by Internet services. During the same period, the number of operators decreased by 64%, the number of travel agents decreased by 46%, and the number of accountants decreased by 26%. The United States is not alone. In Europe, two-thirds of the 76million middle-class jobs fall victim to technology

Kevin Kelly said in Wired magazine created by him that machines will continue to consolidate their position in the manufacturing industry. Once the robots replace the workers on the assembly line, they will replace the workers in the warehouse. For example, robots can lift 150 pounds of objects all day, find boxes, sort, sort and load them into trucks. Fruit and vegetable picking will also continue to be robotic. The pharmacy will also be allocated drugs by a single robot, and the pharmacist only needs to pay attention to patient consultation

obviously, if artificial intelligence, robotics and digital manufacturing go hand in hand, the competitive pattern of the manufacturing industry may face a new round of reshuffle. Because artificial intelligence technology has entered the manufacturing industry to help people design and test product modules, it will make mass customization and production possible in the manufacturing industry; Robot technology will reduce the labor cost in the manufacturing industry, improve production capacity and bring convenience to the manufacturing industry with controllability; Digital technology will initiate the manufacturing industry to try new products, and use modern technology to further simulate and debug. When the three are integrated, the manufacturing revolution begins

where will the manual work go

once the manufacturing industry adopts artificial intelligence technology and large-scale mechanization, where will those workers go

MIT economist David otter believes that no matter how artificial intelligence, robotics and digitalization are innovated, robots can never achieve the same basic thinking common sense and cognition and judgment of things as humans in the face of flexible working. At the same time, although intelligence has brought about the impact that equipment must be grounded based on antifreeze damage to the manufacturing industry, especially in the cognition of manual labor and simple affairs, artificial intelligence has made some achievements, but on the whole, some manual operations can not be replaced for the time being. People can understand a manufacturing process through computer programs, but machines cannot

some items will never be replaced by intelligent machines. They will be manufactured manually. For example, Ferrari, Porsche, gucci bags and some high-quality jewelry crafts need people to create with sensibility, and machines will never have this ability. Said willmaurer, a professor of industrial technology and management at the Illinois Institute of technology

nowadays, people seem to have seen the charm of artificial intelligence from small sweeping robots and iphone6 in the family to large intelligent monitoring systems, to some large factories and equipment workshops, and from printing, welding, assembly, handling and other jobs: it can let people free their hands and let intelligent devices take care of more. But the most critical issue is how to develop and use intelligent products under the background of constantly updating technology and information? Will tomorrow's artificial intelligence pose a threat to mankind

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