Ouyang Zhongcan, academician of the Chinese Academ

2022-08-11
  • Detail

Ouyang Zhongcan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences: Science and technology service industry is the general trend

referring to the survey on enterprise academician workstations made by members of the science and Technology Association of the CPPCC in Jiangsu and Zhejiang in the first half of the year, Ouyang Zhongcan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is still very excited

as the leader of the basic research and industrial development project team, one of the major consulting projects of the Advisory Committee of the academic department of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2009, Ouyang Zhongcan used the word "shock" to describe the feeling of that inspection to the science times

the so-called shock is that he has never really felt the strong desire of enterprises for technology: in Zhejiang, some enterprises not only grasp the mature scientific research achievements, but also aim at the scientific research projects that are being developed; In Jiangsu, in order to attract more key technologies and industrial integration, hundreds of enterprise academician workstations have sprung up.

Ouyang Zhongcan believes that these feelings and insights have a lot of inspiration for the project team to write the consulting report; The most important inspiration is to find ways to make scientific and technological personnel pay more attention to the needs of industrial technology and the supporting role that science and technology can provide in promoting the transformation of economic development mode

the most fundamental thing is to rely on the power of science and technology

in China's economic life, the display of science and technology has never been so prominent as in the past two years

General Secretary Hu Jintao pointed out at this year's meeting of academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Sciences that building an innovative country, accelerating the transformation of the mode of economic development, and winning the development opportunity and initiative, the most fundamental thing is to rely on the power of science and technology, and the most critical thing is to significantly improve the ability of independent innovation, mainly because there are relatively few high-quality and cheap materials such as thermal insulation and sound insulation

in November 2009, Premier Wen Jiabao delivered a speech entitled "let science and technology lead China's sustainable development" to the capital's scientific and technological circles at the Great Hall of the people, pointing out that China must rely on its own strength to produce original achievements in order to seize the commanding heights of future economic and technological development

in March 2009, seven ministries, including the Ministry of science and technology, the Ministry of education, the SASAC, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the China Association for science and technology, held a joint meeting to call on the organization and mobilization of scientific and technological personnel to go deep into the front line and serve enterprises

what these signals release is that the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have a deeper and deeper grasp of the law of interaction between science and technology and economy; Reflected in the strategy and measures, it is to give the scientific and technological community a more urgent historical mission in the process of accelerating the transformation of the mode of economic development

in fact, the scientific and technological community is feeling unprecedented pressure in providing scientific and technological support for economic transformation

after many years of development of science and technology in China, the output of high-level papers continues to increase, but in sharp contrast, the conversion rate of scientific and technological achievements in China is about 25%, less than 5% of which have truly realized industrialization, which is far from the 80% conversion rate in developed countries. Ouyang Zhongcan said

it is gratifying that more consensus is being reached in the scientific and technological community on upgrading the scientific and technological service industry and promoting economic transformation. China now attaches great importance to this issue, and the major consulting project of academicians of basic research and industrial development is being carried out around this topic, hoping to form some forward-looking suggestions. Ouyang Zhongcan said

demand plus benefit fission produced by technology

the concept of sustainable development is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. A series of industrial policies and market drivers focusing on energy conservation and emission reduction and the upgrading and transformation of traditional industries have made more and more enterprises start to really make ideas on scientific researchers; The group of academicians with the highest academic title in China also actively responded to the call of the party and the state, combining their scientific and technological achievements with local industrial needs, and making tangible contributions to the transformation of the mode of economic development

Yunlong Town, Yinzhou District, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, is a place where many precision casting enterprises gather. Ningbo Zhedong Precision Casting Co., Ltd. is also located here, but different from other enterprises, it stands out and ranks third in the world

one of the most important reasons for the good development of enterprises is to attach importance to the role of science and technology. Ouyang Zhongcan analyzed that one of the company's four corporate purposes is to take science and technology as the driving force. They have obtained the transfer of scientific and technological achievements from Tsinghua University since 1997, and set up the company's academician workstation in 2008. The cooperative academician is Li Yiyi of the Institute of metals of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

in the key manufacturing technology field of excavator bucket teeth, Ningbo Zhedong Precision Casting Co., Ltd. cooperates with Li Yiyi, and has reached cooperation with the Institute of metals of the Chinese Academy of Sciences on the cooperative training of graduate students and the establishment of post doctoral mobile workstations. 13. Report selection: different report format agreements can be selected according to user needs. At present, the academician workstation of the company has two research projects, among which the research and manufacturing technology project of ultra-high hardness and toughness wear-resistant cast steel has entered production, breaking the monopoly of the United States

in fact, there are many academician workstations of high-tech enterprises similar to Ningbo Zhedong Precision Casting Co., Ltd. in Jiangsu and Zhejiang, and Ningbo Oriental Group is another typical case. The main product of this enterprise is submarine cable. In order to solve the major key technical problems of 220kV submarine cable, they came to huangchongqi, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering. Here, the expert team led by Huang Chongqi and the Enterprise Research Institute jointly developed the first 110kV photoelectric composite cross-linked submarine cable in China, and jointly undertook and completed the national science and technology support plan project 220kV and below photoelectric composite submarine cable and submarine cross-linked cable and production equipment development project. Just a few days ago, China's first 220kV cross-linked submarine cable was loaded and shipped at Ningbo Dongfang submarine cable special deep sea wharf. So far, Ningbo Oriental Group has built the largest submarine cable R & D and production base in China, and its production scale ranks third in the world

the cooperation between Han yingduo, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, and Nanzi Tonghua group in Yangzhong City, Jiangsu Province can be described as several twists and turns. From just looking at the situation at the beginning, to seeking active cooperation later, it is to make some practical contributions to industrial upgrading and the sincere thirst for talents of academicians and experts that moved the opposite party. At present, the product prototype of MW direct drive wind turbine flexible parallel converter researched by both parties on high-power power power electronics technology cooperation has been developed. Before that, the core technology of MW high-capacity wind power converter has been monopolized by ABB, Siemens, GE and other foreign companies. At present, the products of Nanzi Tonghua group have been sold to China Aerospace Wanyuan group, which is expected to generate an annual sales revenue of 260million yuan

these enterprises have a common feature, that is, they attach great importance to research and development, and actively seek scientific researchers to provide services for enterprises. Ouyang Zhongcan believes that it is this concept that drives the development of high-tech enterprises in Jiangsu and Zhejiang and brings considerable economic benefits

create a new mode of scientific research industry docking

an important way for enterprises to pursue industrial upgrading is to cooperate with scientific researchers. Ouyang Zhongcan believes that technology can serve production is what enterprises value; How to promote the connection between enterprises and scientific researchers, the academician workstation model first promoted by the China Association for science and technology is very effective

in 2008, the China Association for science and technology began to gradually establish academician workstations throughout the country

there are two modes, one is 1+1 mode, one academician to one enterprise; The other is the 1+x mode, which establishes academician workstations in local industrial parks to serve multiple enterprises. Ouyang Zhongcan introduced

is such a simple and effective way to directly convert scientific research achievements into output value. Academician workstation is not only an academician working alone, but the whole team led by this academician is serving the enterprise, and the effect is very good. Ouyang Zhongcan commented

on the other hand, the importance of government departments at the provincial, district and county levels also determines the effectiveness of docking

Zhejiang has established 24 academician workstations, and 34 academicians have entered the station to work; Jiangsu has established more than 100 academician workstations, and more than 300 academicians have come to work. Ouyang Zhongcan said that the governments of Jiangsu Province and Zhejiang Province have paid special attention to the connection between science and technology and industry, and have issued special documents for this purpose

Ouyang Zhongcan believes that this approach has been recognized by the government and enterprises. If this model can be promoted, it will give scientific and technological personnel another way to serve enterprises

industrial demand guides scientific research direction

not long ago, the national nano center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences had the need to introduce talents, and a student of Ouyang Zhongcan was lucky to be selected

this student of mine has done scientific research in Germany for five years and only published one article. However, unlike the talents introduced by previous research institutes, the nano center pays more attention to his application technology work. Ouyang Zhongcan said

far field optical microscope is a well-known scientific research instrument, but its resolution Abbe limit of 0.2 microns has become increasingly unable to meet the needs of scientific development. The traditional microscopy technology has gradually developed into the era of resolving several nanometers in recent years

during his five years in Germany, this student participated in the development of nanoscope (ultra-high resolution fluorescence microscope) and finally built it by himself. The nano display mirror can break through the Abbe limit and bring observation into the nano era. Ouyang Zhongcan believes that what the nano center values is the advanced technology that this student has mastered. Now, the student has begun to build a display mirror in the center

from this example, it is not difficult to see that China's scientific research institutions have not only pursued the improvement of the number of papers in terms of talent demand, but now, any innovative applied research will receive special attention

as Zhou Guangzhao, former vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, put forward in his speech commemorating the 10th anniversary of the 973 basic research plan: in the past, the paper orientation of basic research in China will be transformed into application orientation

Ouyang Zhongcan agrees with this view very much: there are 40million scientific researchers in China, and the output of scientific research papers is also increasing. It can be seen that the national investment in R & D is increasing. However, many researchers have a steelyard in mind, that is, the contribution to the national industrial development is still too little

if the number of papers is still an important indicator of the evaluation mechanism in China's scientific community in the future, it will still follow the old path and will not work. Ouyang Zhongcan is outspoken: now scientists can write papers and one article for many projects. So many of our scientific researchers can't all write articles and apply for awards all day

when writing the consulting report on basic research and industrial research, Ouyang Zhongcan said that he would guide towards application orientation

in the future, we should have our own core technology, and original work will become more and more valuable. Our consultation report will tell other scientists that they should work in the front line of the industry and contribute to the development of national industry. He said

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI